The Extraordinary Distances That Some Animals Travel

Imagine how many pairs of
shoes you’d burn through if you had to walk thousands
of kilometers a year. These animals don’t take
planes, trains, or automobiles. Yet they repeatedly cover incredible
distances in times so quickly, they make running a marathon
look like child’s play. How far are you willing to go in search of the love of your life? Or better weather? What about a good meal? Well, some animals travel
across the world every year, only to return home and start all over. Let’s take a look at six astonishing animals whose step counts are far beyond
what you could ever hope to achieve. An adult hummingbird weighs
just 3 grams (0.11 oz), but that doesn’t prevent it from covering
800 km (500 miles) in one flight. In total, hummingbirds fly as far
as 4,400 km (2,700 miles) every year. What’s this tiny bird’s little secret? To prepare for its annual round
trip from Mexico to Canada, the hummingbird gets really fat – it doubles its fat mass. Then, it burns up all this excess weight
during a 20-hour, non-stop flight where there’s no available
food or water to fuel up on. You might know the caribou
by its other name, the reindeer. No matter what you call
these glorious animals, they hold the record for overland migration, covering up to 5,000 km
(3,000 miles) yearly. Native to northern climates, the caribou
are in the constant search for food. When summer comes to a close, caribou start their journey north to the Arctic, where there are plenty of grasses
and plants waiting for them to eat. Winter’s first snowfall causes them
to turn back south to find shelter, but they continue chewing on
lichens and planning their next five-thousand-kilometer-long
trip across the Arctic tundra. This migration definitely makes it to the
list of the most visually majestic ones. When fall comes, monarchs pack up and move from their homes
near the Great Lakes in Canada to spend their winter vacation in Mexico. Making their way south to the warmth, they
flutter up to 160 km (100 miles) per day. After two months of this daily cardio routine,
they finally get to their destination, having flown 4,000 km (2,500 miles.) Humpback whales hold the record for the
longest documented mammalian migration. Humpbacks like to spend their
summers feeding in Antarctica. Once the summer is over, they head north,
to the warm tropical waters of the Pacific. The whales use the spring to mate and breed, before they swim 12,500 km
(8,000 miles) south again. To feed on delicious California jellyfish, these turtles travel 9,700 km
(6,000 miles) across the Pacific. One female leatherback turtle
was so hungry for these jellyfish that she traveled 20,000 km (13,000 miles) – from her Indonesian home
to the west coast of the U.S. It took her over 20 months to get
there, but she got what she wanted. And number 1 on the list
of epic migrations… These birds really love long-distance travel. During their annual journey from the Farne
Islands in the UK, to Antarctica and back, these little birds cover
96,000 km (59,600 miles). That’s the equivalent of flying
twice around the equator. No matter how big they are, or how tiny, it’s amazing what some animals
will do to take a vacation, get a gourmet dinner,
or even line-up a date. And that’s why they’re Crazy Creatures.

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