Architecture of the United Arab Emirates – UAE | Episode 02
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Architecture of the United Arab Emirates – UAE | Episode 02

welcome back today we gonna talk about
architecture of the United Arab Emirates the architecture of the United Arab
Emirates has undergone dramatic transformation in recent decades from
operating as a collection of fishing villages to a global business hub known
for its innovation and dynamism between the 1960s and 1970s
architecture in the United Arab Emirates remained solely traditional with narrow
alleys and wind tower houses still in use reflective of a strong Bedouin
heritage architecture is influenced by elements of Islamic Arabian and Persian
culture in the early 1980s Sheikh Rashid, the then ruler of the united arab
emirates employed British architect John Harris to create the stylish modernist
architecture for which the major cities of the UAE are known today the
introduction of exposed glass curtain walls represented the beginning of a
movement used extensively in the design of almost every commercial and high-rise
building facade in the Persian Gulf unless commercial areas and Emirati
architecture continues to heavily reflect the custom and traditional
lifestyles of the native people building materials are simple in contrast with
the refined images of Dubai and Abu Dhabi today traditional influences,
traditional architecture in the United Arab Emirates was heavily influenced by
the desert landscape culture lifestyle and available building materials the
Bedouin animatic Arabic tribe who traditionally live in the desert were
well known for using palm fronds shelters known as arish in the summer
months frames for arish houses were often made with mangrove poles imported
from east africa and colder monks a move towards using animal skin shelters would
be made the Bedouin tent was a useful and adaptable structure often native
sheeple camels Hera goat hair by the women of the tribe such structures were
called Beit al share meaning house of hair other materials such as the mixture
of seashells in limestone were used as building resources in the late 19th and
early 20th centuries the nomadic nature of the bedouin tribe demanded a need for
light disposable materials that could be found along coastal lines
in contrast permanent houses inland were constructed with a mud mixture formed
into blocks strengthened using stones bonded together with a mixture of red
clay manure the geographical context to the tribe or group determined the type
of materials that were used in a construction of buildings meaning that
most structures were comprised of materials drawn from the surrounding
environment these ranged from coral mud and stone through to palm fronds and
animal hair the harsh climate of the United Arab Emirates created a need for
ventilation due to high temperature periods of the
year this resulted in the introduction of Iranian wind towers known as barge
eels these vertical shafts allow for a downward flow of cool air and a
distribution of water to become available at the bottom of the structure
allowing for the inside temperature of the building to be cooled ancient
architecture in the United Arab Emirates while human settlement in the United
Arab Emirates can be traced back to the Stone Age 6000 to 3200 BC it was not
until the bronze age 3200 to 1300 BC that larger establishments began to form
such settlements were developed in inland oases in coastal areas populated
by farmers animal herders and fishermen the first recorded large settlement was
the town of a lane through which inhabitants would export agricultural
products through the port of amel are located off Abu Dhabi Island this was a
permanent establishment made up of well-constructed buildings built from
cut addressed Stone complete with circular tower light twos evidence from
these sites indicates a strong trade evolving from pottery production in the
export of copper particularly between these settlements and surrounding
civilizations such as Mesopotamia a water irrigation system known as Canada
emerged in the Iron Age 1300 to 300 BC this system provided a relatively
constant water supply all year-round by taking advantage of underground water
supplies leading to a change in settlement patterns as groups would
follow the route of the water source up until the mid 20th century marking the
beginning of Western attention to the area most building fell into five
categories religious residential markets public and defensive buildings,buildings
that were constructed up until then remained within traditional style
unlike other styles of Islamic incursion architecture there is little
ornamentation found in traditional architecture of the UAE only a small
number of mosques offer any form of ornamentation reflecting the lack of
resources at hand and general reliance on simple but effective structures

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